Dev Getting Started
- 1 Requirements
- 2 Preparation
Here is what you'll want for a development environment. Sure, you can probably get away with less or different, but that's not what we're going to support. The DW code is known to work with the following. But we'd love to hear of your results using something else.
Linux based server
We are presently using Ubuntu. This may stay or become Debian or Centos at some point, that's undecided. But for now, Ubuntu is the supported distro. If you use anything else, you will need to be familiar enough with the differences to work out any different steps on your own. (But we'd love to hear success stories and get documentation for other ones!)
64-bit (x86_64 typically, NOT i686/i386)
This is something you can probably get away without doing, but you'll be unable to test some things and others might be a bit wonky. Notably, you need the 64 bit version of Perl in order for the pack/unpack operations to work for memcache.
But if you absolutely do not have a 64 bit system, then you might still be okay. Don't use memcache and don't try to use more than 30 friend groups and you shouldn't run into any big issues.
I have gotten away with less. Depends on how much traffic you expect and what else you are running on the box. Also, if you intend on running TheSchwartz workers or not. If you do not, and you only run the web site code, then it will probably work on 256.
The LJ/DW code is pretty heavy, and doesn't like other things running. You should expect that if you are not that technical, you will need a fairly blank server to run it on. But if you are technical you can do some pretty convoluted setups... (This one is more of a recommendation and not a hard requirement.)
If you do not have root on the box, you are in for a rough road. Sure, the code doesn't need root privileges to run. But there are a lot of libraries that need to be installed on the system. If you are using a shared development environment where the owner has installed the modules for you, then you should be fine.
You will need a MySQL database. It can be local or remote, it doesn't matter really. As long as you have the ability to create/drop/alter tables in a directory, that's what matters.
Okay, for the sake of argument, let's say you have a machine (virtual or otherwise) that matches the above requirements. Getting the DW code setup is fairly straightforward.
Create a user account that will be used for the code. This can be your own personal account if you wish, but it is recommended that you setup a new user that is only going to be used for running the code. That way if you have any insecure code running (i.e., a bad page, or a patch you're working on doesn't have security implemented yet) you don't have to worry about someone getting access to your personal files.
Setup User Account
I'm assuming that you use the bash shell. If you do not, then this section does not apply. You will have to find the shell specific way of setting environment variables.
For bash, you should look in the home directory of the user account you just created for a file named .bashrc or .bash_profile or maybe even .profile. One of these files will have some commands in it (alias commands usually). You will want to add one more line to this file:
Or whatever your user account's home directory is. Yes, the variable is named LJHOME. We'll live with it for now. ;-)
Test this. Log out of your user account and log back in, then type:
You should see /home/dw or whatever you set it to. If you don't, then you didn't get the export line in the right place. (Hey, I'm not here to teach basic sysadmin stuff. You should know how to set environment variables.)
Next, you will need two package management systems installed: subversion and mercurial. This is typically done on an Ubuntu system with:
apt-get install mercurial subversion
You will need to be root to run that command.
Get and Run Bootstrap
Now, log in as the user account you created in the first step. We have put together a bootstrap script. You can obtain this file with your favorite tool (wget, curl, etc):
The next step is fairly automatic. Assuming that your environment variable is good to go, you should be able to just do this:
The script will start doing some work. It should start out by saying 'seems we need to start at the beginning', which is what you expect. Then you will sit around for half an hour while it checks out various packages and repositories from various locations.
When it's done, it will say so. It will also say to delete the bootstrap script. Do a quick ls in $LJHOME to see if you have a bunch of new directories like cvs, bml, cgi-bin, htdocs, etc. If you do, huzzah! You now have the code checked out.
If you don't, figure out what step didn't work, and try again. All else fails, hit the mailing list or find someone on IRC.
If you are doing development on Dreamwidth custom files (what few there are), then you will need to do another step. This is fairly manual, the bootstrap script does not handle this process for you. But assuming that you did the above steps, you can get dw-nonfree code like this:
cd $LJHOME/cvs hg clone http://hg.dwscoalition.org/dw-nonfree dw-nonfree cp dw-nonfree/cvs/multicvs-local.conf . cd $LJHOME bin/cvsreport.pl -s
You should see a number of files get copied around.
I'm assuming that you have a local MySQL installation. I'm assuming that you have the root login on this database, or know how to get a root shell to the MySQL console. If you don't, you'll have to figure out how to create a database in your setup.
But assuming you do have root, this is how you can easily create your development database:
create database dw_dev_1; grant all on dw_dev_1.* to 'dw_dev_user'@'localhost' identified by 'somePassword';
Of course, you might want to pick an appropriate username/database/password instead of using the crap I made up here.
Next you need to configure the site configuration script. This is probably the most tricky part of the whole process, since there are so many things you can tweak. (Note to self: get the DW ljconfig cleaned up and posted...)
cd $LJHOME cp doc/ljconfig.pl.txt etc/ljconfig.pl vim etc/ljconfig.pl
Or use your editor of choice, of course. Do a search for the phrase 'CHANGE THIS' which is in three places. You will want to change at least your $DOMAIN and the %DBINFO structure. It should be fairly self-explanatory.
Note that %DBINFO contains the authentication credentials you chose in the database setup step above!
Now, you need to see if everything is working. If you've setup the files as indicated above, run this command:
cd $LJHOME bin/checkconfig.pl --no=ljconfig
It should take a few minutes to run and then tell you that you are missing modules. This is where you need some systems specific knowledge for your system. You will need to install whatever modules it's missing - I can't really help you there at this time. (But if you get well and truly stuck, find someone on IRC or the mailing list!)
If all goes well, then take heart, you're almost done!
There are a few commands you can now run to install the database. Just run these and watch for errors.
cd $LJHOME bin/upgrading/update-db.pl -r -p --innodb bin/upgrading/update-db.pl -r --cluster=all --innodb bin/upgrading/texttool.pl load bin/upgrading/make_system.pl
(That step will ask you for a password for the system account. You can change it later by logging in as system, so just give it something for now.)
And that's it for the code!