Difference between revisions of "Search/Sphinx"

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Once that's done, you can restart searchd, and you should be able to search for things from the command line or from your site.
Once that's done, you can restart searchd, and you should be able to search for things from the command line or from your site.
[[Category: Development]]
[[Category: Development]][[Category: Dreamwidth Installation]]

Revision as of 16:35, 6 August 2009

This page documents the process you will need to go through to setup the Sphinx search system that Dreamwidth uses. This is not an easy process, and the documentation is probably going to need some iterations to get to a very useful state.

I only suggest setting up the search system if you have a good amount of time to mess around with things. If you need some help, feel free to grab me anytime and I'll help out.

Software Installation

First, you will need to setup the Sphinx software. Very first, you should make sure you have some packages (Ubuntu Intrepid):

apt-get install libpath-class-perl libmysqlclient15-dev g++

There are three packages that you will have to download:


Now, you need to build these. The second two are standard Perl packages which you can build with dh-make-perl. Do File::SearchPath first (and then install it) and then you can build Sphinx::Search (and install it).

The Sphinx package itself is a standard project style. Setup and installation looks something like this:

tar -zxvf sphinx-
cd sphinx-
make install

Assuming that all works, you should have everything installed that you need to get the search system setup. Moving on!


There are several points to configure. Let's start with the configuration of your database.


You will need to create a new database. Something like this process will work:

GRANT ALL ON dw_sphinx.* TO dw@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'dw';

Now, you have to make a table:

USE dw_sphinx;
CREATE TABLE `posts_raw` (
 `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
 `journal_id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
 `jitemid` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
 `poster_id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
 `is_public` enum('0','1') NOT NULL,
 `is_deleted` enum('0','1') NOT NULL default '0',
 `date_posted` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
 `title` varchar(255) default NULL,
 `data` mediumtext,
 `revtime` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
 PRIMARY KEY  (`id`),
 UNIQUE KEY `journal_id` (`journal_id`,`jitemid`)

The table is a pretty straightforward table. It just stores the posts, who they're by, where they're at, and some basic security information. Note that this table has the full uncompressed subject and text of the entries, so it can get rather large.


Configuring your site is next. This involves adding a new section to your %DBINFO hash, like this:

sphinx => {
    host => '',
    port => 3306,
    user => 'dw',
    pass => 'dw',
    dbname => 'dw_sphinx',
    role => {
        sphinx_search => 1,

You also need to add a configuration elsewhere in the file that tells your system where the search daemon will be. Port 3312 is the default:

# sphinx search daemon
@SPHINX_SEARCHD = ( '', 3312 );

That's it for site configuration. Once you have the above two options in, then your site will do all the right things to make the search active. Of course, we still have to configure Sphinx itself...


Left this to last as it's probably the trickiest. The first step is, assuming you're going to be running Sphinx as root (I do), to make the directory it needs:

mkdir /var/data

Now, we need to setup the configuration file. Here's mine:

## Dreamwidth sphinx configuration

source src1
    type                  = mysql

    sql_host              = localhost
    sql_user              = dw
    sql_pass              = dw
    sql_db                = dw_sphinx
    sql_port              = 3306

    sql_query_pre         = SET NAMES 'utf8'

    sql_query             = \
       SELECT id, journal_id, jitemid, poster_id, is_public, is_deleted, date_posted, title, data \
       FROM posts_raw \
       WHERE id>=$start AND id<=$end

    sql_query_range       = SELECT MIN(id),MAX(id) FROM posts_raw

    sql_attr_uint         = journal_id
    sql_attr_uint         = poster_id
    sql_attr_uint         = jitemid
    sql_attr_bool         = is_public
    sql_attr_bool         = is_deleted
    sql_attr_timestamp    = date_posted

    sql_query_info        = SELECT * FROM posts_raw WHERE id=$id

index test1
    source        = src1
    path          = /var/data/dreamwidth
    charset_type  = utf-8

    charset_table = 0..9, a..z, _, A..Z->a..z, U+00C0->a, U+00C1->a, \
        U+00C2->a, U+00C3->a, U+00C4->a, U+00C5->a, U+00C7->c, U+00C8->e, \
        U+00C9->e, U+00CA->e, U+00CB->e, U+00CC->i, U+00CD->i, U+00CE->i, \
        U+00CF->i, U+00D1->n, U+00D2->o, U+00D3->o, U+00D4->o, U+00D5->o, \
        U+00D6->o, U+00D9->u, U+00DA->u, U+00DB->u, U+00DC->u, U+00DD->y, \
        U+00E0->a, U+00E1->a, U+00E2->a, U+00E3->a, U+00E4->a, U+00E5->a, \
        U+00E7->c, U+00E8->e, U+00E9->e, U+00EA->e, U+00EB->e, U+00EC->i, \
        U+00ED->i, U+00EE->i, U+00EF->i, U+00F1->n, U+00F2->o, U+00F3->o, \
        U+00F4->o, U+00F5->o, U+00F6->o, U+00F9->u, U+00FA->u, U+00FB->u, \
        U+00FC->u, U+00FD->y, U+00FF->y, U+0100->a, U+0101->a, U+0102->a, \
        U+0103->a, U+0104->a, U+0105->a, U+0106->c, U+0107->c, U+0108->c, \
        U+0109->c, U+010A->c, U+010B->c, U+010C->c, U+010D->c, U+010E->d, \
        U+010F->d, U+0112->e, U+0113->e, U+0114->e, U+0115->e, U+0116->e, \
        U+0117->e, U+0118->e, U+0119->e, U+011A->e, U+011B->e, U+011C->g, \
        U+011D->g, U+011E->g, U+011F->g, U+0120->g, U+0121->g, U+0122->g, \
        U+0123->g, U+0124->h, U+0125->h, U+0128->i, U+0129->i, U+012A->i, \
        U+012B->i, U+012C->i, U+012D->i, U+012E->i, U+012F->i, U+0130->i, \
        U+0134->j, U+0135->j, U+0136->k, U+0137->k, U+0139->l, U+013A->l, \
        U+013B->l, U+013C->l, U+013D->l, U+013E->l, U+0142->l, U+0143->n, \
        U+0144->n, U+0145->n, U+0146->n, U+0147->n, U+0148->n, U+014C->o, \
        U+014D->o, U+014E->o, U+014F->o, U+0150->o, U+0151->o, U+0154->r, \
        U+0155->r, U+0156->r, U+0157->r, U+0158->r, U+0159->r, U+015A->s, \
        U+015B->s, U+015C->s, U+015D->s, U+015E->s, U+015F->s, U+0160->s, \
        U+0161->s, U+0162->t, U+0163->t, U+0164->t, U+0165->t, U+0168->u, \
        U+0169->u, U+016A->u, U+016B->u, U+016C->u, U+016D->u, U+016E->u, \
        U+016F->u, U+0170->u, U+0171->u, U+0172->u, U+0173->u, U+0174->w, \
        U+0175->w, U+0176->y, U+0177->y, U+0178->y, U+0179->z, U+017A->z, \
        U+017B->z, U+017C->z, U+017D->z, U+017E->z, U+01A0->o, U+01A1->o, \
        U+01AF->u, U+01B0->u, U+01CD->a, U+01CE->a, U+01CF->i, U+01D0->i, \
        U+01D1->o, U+01D2->o, U+01D3->u, U+01D4->u, U+01D5->u, U+01D6->u, \
        U+01D7->u, U+01D8->u, U+01D9->u, U+01DA->u, U+01DB->u, U+01DC->u, \
        U+01DE->a, U+01DF->a, U+01E0->a, U+01E1->a, U+01E6->g, U+01E7->g, \
        U+01E8->k, U+01E9->k, U+01EA->o, U+01EB->o, U+01EC->o, U+01ED->o, \
        U+01F0->j, U+01F4->g, U+01F5->g, U+01F8->n, U+01F9->n, U+01FA->a, \
        U+01FB->a, U+0200->a, U+0201->a, U+0202->a, U+0203->a, U+0204->e, \
        U+0205->e, U+0206->e, U+0207->e, U+0208->i, U+0209->i, U+020A->i, \
        U+020B->i, U+020C->o, U+020D->o, U+020E->o, U+020F->o, U+0210->r, \
        U+0211->r, U+0212->r, U+0213->r, U+0214->u, U+0215->u, U+0216->u, \
        U+0217->u, U+0218->s, U+0219->s, U+021A->t, U+021B->t, U+021E->h, \
        U+021F->h, U+0226->a, U+0227->a, U+0228->e, U+0229->e, U+022A->o, \
        U+022B->o, U+022C->o, U+022D->o, U+022E->o, U+022F->o, U+0230->o, \
        U+0231->o, U+0232->y, U+0233->y, U+1E00->a, U+1E01->a, U+1E02->b, \
        U+1E03->b, U+1E04->b, U+1E05->b, U+1E06->b, U+1E07->b, U+1E08->c, \
        U+1E09->c, U+1E0A->d, U+1E0B->d, U+1E0C->d, U+1E0D->d, U+1E0E->d, \
        U+1E0F->d, U+1E10->d, U+1E11->d, U+1E12->d, U+1E13->d, U+1E14->e, \
        U+1E15->e, U+1E16->e, U+1E17->e, U+1E18->e, U+1E19->e, U+1E1A->e, \
        U+1E1B->e, U+1E1C->e, U+1E1D->e, U+1E1E->f, U+1E1F->f, U+1E20->g, \
        U+1E21->g, U+1E22->h, U+1E23->h, U+1E24->h, U+1E25->h, U+1E26->h, \
        U+1E27->h, U+1E28->h, U+1E29->h, U+1E2A->h, U+1E2B->h, U+1E2C->i, \
        U+1E2D->i, U+1E2E->i, U+1E2F->i, U+1E30->k, U+1E31->k, U+1E32->k, \
        U+1E33->k, U+1E34->k, U+1E35->k, U+1E36->l, U+1E37->l, U+1E38->l, \
        U+1E39->l, U+1E3A->l, U+1E3B->l, U+1E3C->l, U+1E3D->l, U+1E3E->m, \
        U+1E3F->m, U+1E40->m, U+1E41->m, U+1E42->m, U+1E43->m, U+1E44->n, \
        U+1E45->n, U+1E46->n, U+1E47->n, U+1E48->n, U+1E49->n, U+1E4A->n, \
        U+1E4B->n, U+1E4C->o, U+1E4D->o, U+1E4E->o, U+1E4F->o, U+1E50->o, \
        U+1E51->o, U+1E52->o, U+1E53->o, U+1E54->p, U+1E55->p, U+1E56->p, \
        U+1E57->p, U+1E58->r, U+1E59->r, U+1E5A->r, U+1E5B->r, U+1E5C->r, \
        U+1E5D->r, U+1E5E->r, U+1E5F->r, U+1E60->s, U+1E61->s, U+1E62->s, \
        U+1E63->s, U+1E64->s, U+1E65->s, U+1E66->s, U+1E67->s, U+1E68->s, \
        U+1E69->s, U+1E6A->t, U+1E6B->t, U+1E6C->t, U+1E6D->t, U+1E6E->t, \
        U+1E6F->t, U+1E70->t, U+1E71->t, U+1E72->u, U+1E73->u, U+1E74->u, \
        U+1E75->u, U+1E76->u, U+1E77->u, U+1E78->u, U+1E79->u, U+1E7A->u, \
        U+1E7B->u, U+1E7C->v, U+1E7D->v, U+1E7E->v, U+1E7F->v, U+1E80->w, \
        U+1E81->w, U+1E82->w, U+1E83->w, U+1E84->w, U+1E85->w, U+1E86->w, \
        U+1E87->w, U+1E88->w, U+1E89->w, U+1E8A->x, U+1E8B->x, U+1E8C->x, \
        U+1E8D->x, U+1E8E->y, U+1E8F->y, U+1E96->h, U+1E97->t, U+1E98->w, \
        U+1E99->y, U+1EA0->a, U+1EA1->a, U+1EA2->a, U+1EA3->a, U+1EA4->a, \
        U+1EA5->a, U+1EA6->a, U+1EA7->a, U+1EA8->a, U+1EA9->a, U+1EAA->a, \
        U+1EAB->a, U+1EAC->a, U+1EAD->a, U+1EAE->a, U+1EAF->a, U+1EB0->a, \
        U+1EB1->a, U+1EB2->a, U+1EB3->a, U+1EB4->a, U+1EB5->a, U+1EB6->a, \
        U+1EB7->a, U+1EB8->e, U+1EB9->e, U+1EBA->e, U+1EBB->e, U+1EBC->e, \
        U+1EBD->e, U+1EBE->e, U+1EBF->e, U+1EC0->e, U+1EC1->e, U+1EC2->e, \
        U+1EC3->e, U+1EC4->e, U+1EC5->e, U+1EC6->e, U+1EC7->e, U+1EC8->i, \
        U+1EC9->i, U+1ECA->i, U+1ECB->i, U+1ECC->o, U+1ECD->o, U+1ECE->o, \
        U+1ECF->o, U+1ED0->o, U+1ED1->o, U+1ED2->o, U+1ED3->o, U+1ED4->o, \
        U+1ED5->o, U+1ED6->o, U+1ED7->o, U+1ED8->o, U+1ED9->o, U+1EDA->o, \
        U+1EDB->o, U+1EDC->o, U+1EDD->o, U+1EDE->o, U+1EDF->o, U+1EE0->o, \
        U+1EE1->o, U+1EE2->o, U+1EE3->o, U+1EE4->u, U+1EE5->u, U+1EE6->u, \
        U+1EE7->u, U+1EE8->u, U+1EE9->u, U+1EEA->u, U+1EEB->u, U+1EEC->u, \
        U+1EED->u, U+1EEE->u, U+1EEF->u, U+1EF0->u, U+1EF1->u, U+1EF2->y, \
        U+1EF3->y, U+1EF4->y, U+1EF5->y, U+1EF6->y, U+1EF7->y, U+1EF8->y, \

index test1stemmed : test1
    path       = /var/data/test1stemmed
    morphology = stem_en
    mem_limit  = 512M

    address    =
    port       = 3312
    log        = /var/log/searchd.log
    query_log  = /var/log/query.log
    pid_file   = /var/log/searchd.pid

That's right. It's long. But it's actually almost identical to the configuration file that comes with Sphinx. I had to do a lot of tweaking to figure out the right combination of values for UTF-8 support and the like, but the rest is pretty straightforward.


To make sure that your test setup is working, once you have all of the configuration done, try to run the indexer (as root).

indexer --all

You should see it spit out some stuff saying it's collecting documents, and if all goes well, you should see files in /var/data. You can also test search from the command line:

search -q some words

That's the gist of it. If all of that seems to be working, then you should be able to skip down to the usage section.


The search system requires a few components to be up and running for it to actually work. In a nutshell, you should make sure the following are running at all times:

bin/worker/sphinx-copier -v
bin/worker/sphinx-search-gm -v

The former is a TheSchwartz job (so you need to have that configured) and the latter is a Gearman worker (and you need that configured too). Once those are running, have to make sure the search daemon is running. Again, as root:

searchd --console

All of these command lines are "foreground debug mode" versions. If you drop the arguments, the workers/searchd will spawn themselves off into the background and disappear from sight.

Now, once you have those components up and running, you can do one of two things to actually get data in the system to search. You can use the manual copier or you can go post on one of your paid accounts. The manual copier is probably easiest if you don't have a zillion accounts on the system:


Just run that and it will get your sphinx-copier busy copying data into the dw_sphinx database you made earlier. You can see if it works by watching the output of the sphinx-copier, it should say something about inserting posts. You can then go to the dw_sphinx database and select from posts_raw to see the data is actually in the system.

Once you have data in the system, you have to index. This is pretty easy, just run the indexer again (as root):

indexer --all

Once that's done, you can restart searchd, and you should be able to search for things from the command line or from your site.